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Mouth cancer is the cancer of the oral cavity which include the cancer of the lips, tongue, teeth, the inner lining of the mouth. Mouth cancers are one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide. The incidence of oral cancer is higher in men when compared to women.
The tumours of the mouth may be either benign tumour which may not be harmful or malignant tumour which are harmful and may invade in the surrounding tissues of the mouth. Generally, mouth cancers are not life-threatening.
The signs and symptoms associated with mouth cancer include:
Mutations or certain changes in the DNA are known to cause cancer. However, chewing and smoking of tobacco and heavy consumption of alcohol have increased effects of cancer in the mouth, by damaging the DNA in the cell lining the mouth.
The risk factors associated with mouth cancer include
The treatment of oral cancers can be achieved by one of the following methods: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and palliative therapy.
The surgery for oral cancer involves the removal of a tumour from the mouth and the reconstruction of the oral cavity after the surgery. The various procedures involved in removal of tumour from the mouth cavity include:
Radiation therapy is the most convenient method followed in the treatment of small tumours. However, radiation therapy in combination of surgery or chemotherapy is followed in treatment of larger tumours of the mouth. It can also be used in treatment of symptoms of advanced stages of mouth cancer that include, bleeding, pain in the gums, difficulty in swallowing, etc.
It is the treatment of cancer using anti-cancer drugs which are administered either through oral route or through the veins. Chemotherapy is mostly combined with radiation therapy in early stages of cancer and in combination with surgery for complete removal of tumour from the mouth.
Mouth cancer causes more anguish to a person as the cancer is visible on the face. The patient should recognize the signs and symptoms which helps in treatment of cancer at an early stage. The patient should learn to cope with the effects of cancer.
Before the start of the treatment, the patient and the family should learn about the disease condition. The support of family and friends is most important for the recovery of the patient from cancer. A positive mood of the patient should be balanced during the entire course of treatment, which helps in maintaining mood fluctuations.
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